Evesham Bypass (A46)
EVESHAM BYPASS A46
Suggestions for an Evesham bypass were first mooted in the late 1970s. In December 1979, an eastern route was announced. The public consultation which followed resulted in about 50 objections rather than the flood of objections which had been forecast. In The Evesham Journal of 21st February 1980, Mr G Anson of the Midland Road Construction Unit, said that the general reaction by the public had shown that the eastern route was the right choice: "We were pleased to see that we had read the mood of the town correctly."
The four-mile (6 km) £7 million Evesham Bypass was opened in July 1987 as the A435, being part of a much longer road already in existence which ran from Birmingham to Cheltenham. The road number of the Evesham Bypass, and all sections of the road from Alcester south, changed to the A46 in August 1995 when the A46 was realigned westwards when the eight-mile (13 km) £19 million dual-carriageway Norton-Lenchwick Bypass from Alcester opened. The A46, which originates in Cleethorpes and terminates in Bath, originally ran between Stratford and Cheltenham (now the B4632) at the foot of the Cotswolds. Today the A435 runs only between Birmingham and Alcester and then from Teddington Hands to Cheltenham.
Just over half a mile of the Evesham Bypass goes over land in the parish of Aldington, passing under Offenham Road and over the railway line.
Upper Dene (Aldington Map A021)
The postal address of this house is Offenham Road but, since the building of the bypass, the only means of access is an entrance from the bypass.
East – Railway Line, Bypass Nurseries (Aldington Map A007)
Until the early 19th century, this land was part of the common fields of Aldington. In 1808, when the Aldington Enclosure Commissioners made their awards, this plot of land was allotted to the lessees of the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church: "To and for John Millard, John Benton and Ann Slatter, widow, who are intitled as Lessees under the said Dean and Chapter to all other their Great Tythes arising and continuing within the said Hamlet of Aldington for the remainder of a term of twenty-one years, All that piece or parcel of Land situate in the Furze Furlong, Broad Furze Leys, Aldington Common and places adjacent, containing fifty-five acres one rood and twenty-four perches, bounded on the South by the first and on the North by the second Allotment herein Awarded to the said William Chambers, on the East by the Littleton Turnpike Road, and on the West by the Parks aforesaid. The Fences for inclosing the said Allotment are those on the East against the said Turnpike Road." William Chambers, who was allotted the land to the north and the south, was tenant to Ann Slatter. From at least 1819, it was let to William and Henry Haywood and the under-tenant was Thomas Pratt. An 1826 valuation by Christ Church described it as "superior allotment in seven closes well fenced adjoining good road, no buildings". In 1840, the lease fee was increased by two and a half times any former renewal, and Benjamin and Henry Workman wrote to Dr John Bull, the Dean of Christ Church, on behalf of Messrs Haywood, stating, "There are no buildings on the land which, at no distant period, was overrun with gorse." Later that year, a barn was built by Charles Stockford who then leased the land; it was then let to Richard Baldwyn and in 1849 to John Clark. In the early 1850s, the Oxford, Worcester & Wolverhampton Railway was built across the middle of the land, effectively splitting it into two halves. Just over six acres of land was taken for the railway and an 1855 valuation shows that the estate now comprised 49a 1r 6p. The land described as west (which we would consider to be south) of the railway was divided into three fields and the land described as east (which we would consider to be north) of the railway was divided into five fields. In 1857, John Clark’s son, the Reverend Thomas Humphris Clark, took over the lease. Christ Church felt that as Clark owned The Parks, the neighbouring estate, he would be willing to buy their land. It was all arable except two acres and was well suited for garden ground, but had been valued by Francis Field as agricultural ground. Clark bought the land in 1871 for £6,000, then described as Aldington Leys but later in the century as Christ Church Ground (comprising eight arable fields and one pasture). In 1892, Reverend Clark sold the land south of the railway in three lots: Lot 13 Christ Church Little Barn Ground (3a 1r 0p) and Lots 14 and 15 Christ Church Great Barn Ground (4a 0r 27p and 6a 0r 16p). Clark died in 1913 and the five fields north of the railway, together with the remainder of The Parks estate, were sold by auction at the King’s Head Hotel, Evesham, on 29th June 1914. Bypass Nurseries is situated on what was Lot 4.
West – Parks Farm Shop (not on Enclosure Map)
From the Evesham Bypass, there is a sign pointing to Parks Farm Shop, but the actual shop is on land which was once part of the Parks estate.
Where they are available, links are provided to historical information about places and buildings. This index of roads and paths in Badsey and Aldington was compiled as part of the Badsey Society Enclosure Map Project. The house numbers and names are correct as at May 2006. Every care has been taken to provide accurate information, but if you are aware of any error, please contact us. If you wish to provide a history or memories of an individual house on this road, please email History@badsey.net.